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CITIES TOWNS VILLAGES 

 
Choose your department on the map or with the list and find your City Hall.

Choose your department on the map or with the list.

Open the list of departments

All City Halls, click on the department on the France map to find your City Hall. City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Ain (01) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Aisne (02) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Allier (03) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Alpes Haute Provence (04) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Haute Alpes (05) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Alpes Maritimes (06) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Ardèche (07) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Ardennes (08) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Ariège (09) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Aube (10) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Aude (11) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Aveyron (12) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Bouches du Rhône (13) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Calvados (14) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Cantal (15) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Charente (16) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Charente Maritime (17) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Cher (18) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Corrèze (19) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Cote d'Or (21) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Cotes d'Armor (22) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Creuse (23) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Dordogne (24) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Doubs (25) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Drôme (26) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Eure (27) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Eure et Loir (28) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Finistère (29) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Gard (30) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Haute Garonne (31) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Gers (32) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Gironde (33) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Hérault (34) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Ille et Vilaine (35) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Indre (36) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Indre et Loire (37) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Isère (38) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Jura (39) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Landes (40) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Loir et Cher (41) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Loire (42) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Haute Loire (43) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Loire Atlantique (44) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Loiret (45) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Lot (46) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Lot et Garonne (47) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Lozère (48) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Maine et Loire (49) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Manche (50) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Marne (51) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Haute Marne (52) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Mayenne (53) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Meurthe et Moselle (54) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Meuse (55) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Morbihan (56) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Moselle (57) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Nièvre (58) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Nord (59) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Oise (60) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Orne (61) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Pas de Calais (62) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Puy de Dôme (63) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Pyrénées Atlantiques (64) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Hautes Pyrénées (65) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Pyrénées Orientales (66) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Bas Rhin (67) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Haut Rhin (68) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Rhône (69) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Haute Saône (70) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Saône et Loire (71) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Sarthe (72) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Savoie (73) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Haute Savoie (74) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Paris (75) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Seine Maritime (76) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Seine et Marne (77) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Yvelines (78) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Deux Sèvres (79) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Somme (80) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Tarn (81) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Tarn et Garonne (82) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Var (83) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Vaucluse (84) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Vendée (85) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Vienne (86) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Haute Vienne (87) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Vosges (88) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Yonne (89) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Territoire de Belfort (90) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Essonne (91) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Hauts de Seine (92) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Seine Saint Denis (93) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Val De Marne (94) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Val d'Oise (95) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Corse du Sud (2A) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Haute-Corse (2B) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Guadeloupe (971) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Martinique (972) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Guyane (973) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of La Réunion (974) City hall | Town Hall | Cities | Towns | Villages in the French department of Mayotte (976)

HISTORY

City halls and Mayors

 
 
 

1692

The communes date back to the 11th century.

In 1692, Louis XIV decides by royal decree, to impose a common representative (known as councilors, aldermen or peers), and sell this function in order to fill the State treasury.
The administration will remain like that until the French revolution.

 

1789

It's only in 1789, by the Law of 14 December, that the communes will be equipped with a municipality by a decree passed by the Constituent Assembly.

The municipality becomes the base of the administrative organization.
We count 44,000 communes which correspond to the number of parishes (religious or tax) in France at the time.
The municipality is represented by the municipal body composed by the mayor and a council elected for two years. Two roles are assigned to them:
1- A dedicated municipal power function
2- Functions related to the State's General Administration on the municipal territory.

 

1790

The first municipal elections were held in February 1790.

To qualify for the office of mayor, the candidate must pay a tax equal to 10 working days.
For voting, voters were obliged to pay a tax equal to 3 working days.

 

1799

The Consulate (1799-1804), the First Empire (1804-1814), the Restoration (1814-1830), the July Monarchy (1830-1848), the Second Republic (1848-1852) and the Second Empire (1852-1870) have established different political regimes that in turn changed the method of appointing the mayor.

The mayor could be appointed either by the Prefect, or by the First Consul, or by the King or elected by the councilors. The number of inhabitants in the municipality determined the person who appointed or elected the mayor.

 

1848

Under the Second Republic were adopted the universal male suffrage and the secret ballot

This decree will never be changed.
The right to vote and be elected is no longer payable.
All French men aged 21 years with the capacity of civil and political rights may vote.
To be elected, one must have reached the age of 25.

 

1884

Passed the law knows as "great republican charter of municipal freedom"

law that will never be questioned and remains essential today with the following rules:
- The municipal body of each municipality comprises the city council, the mayor and one or more deputies.
- The council rules through its deliberations the affairs of the town.

 

1944

Between 1940 and 1944, the mayors and the people are again deprived of the right to vote.

The State and Prefects resume control again of our towns.
Marshal Petain, who has not the status of President of the Republic heads the France, collaborates with the Nazis and establishes the Vichy regime.

 

2014

The mayor election

Currently, there are over 36,000 communes in France.
Every 6 years, citizens are asked to vote in municipal elections. Voters do not vote directly for their mayor even if he is almost the only one "visible" during election campaigns. It is sometimes difficult to know the councilors who will be on the electoral lists to represent the voters.
When going to the polls, voters vote for a list of councilors among which is the candidate for mayor.
Once the election of councilors is complete, these in turn elect with an absolute majority, the mayor of the town.
According to the INSEE, we count in 2008, 34.8% of councilors are women and 13.9% mayors are women.
French women were able to vote for the first time 29 April 1945 in the municipal elections. It's only a few months later that they are given the right to express for national elections.
March 18, 1944, General de Gaulle declared before the Provisional Consultative Assembly that "the new system should have an elected representation by all men and all women at home"
April 21, 1944, Article 17 from the order on the organization of government in France after the Liberation states that "women are eligible and voters in the same conditions as men."

 

2014

Role of the mayor and his municipal council

The mayor has a dual function, it is also said that he is both the state agent (representing the State) and executive officer of his town (enforce laws, manage the affairs of his town, law enforcement and public order on its territory).
1- Replaces the State Authority under the authority of the Prefect for the execution of administrative functions:
- Organizing elections whether they are municipal, cantonal, regional, national or European.
- He has the right to certify the authenticity of a document by his own signature. Regulated in Legislation of signatures
- He publishes the laws and regulations in its town hall.
- Recording of documents pertaining to civil status
He also has a judiciary function under the authority of the Prosecutor of the Republic which translates into a role of officer for Civil Status and a police officer.
2- He is the representative of the municipality with a key role in the daily and the future of the voters. He holds the executive to manage his municipality but with the control of its municipal councilors.
Municipalities are freely administered by elected councilors.
At meetings of the municipal council decisions are taken, such as :
- The budget and the amount of local taxes
- Debt of the municipality
- Shaping the urban living environment of citizens
- The duties of the municipal police and municipal utilities
- Aids for economic development
The mayor in charge of executing the decisions of the municipal council.
The mayor is responsible for the public order on its territory. He is also the supervisor of municipal administration.
Municipal councilors are also voters of law or by delegation (called the Great Elector) who vote to elect senators in the Senate elections.

 

2014

Services in your municipality :

Since 1982, decentralization laws have conferred certain powers and skills to municipal councils regarding:
- Management of Health and Social Affairs including municipal nurseries
- Management of Plan of Land Use (POS) or Local Plan (PLU)
- Management of nursery and primary schools (creation, financing ...)
- The creation of sports facilities for the town
- The creation and management of cultural field such as libraries, theaters
- Funding to associations
- Maintenance of local roads
- Local economy

 

2014

May a municipality go bankrupt ?

In the case of bankruptcy of a municipality, the state regains control under the authority of the Prefect of the department with a guardianship.
The prefect is then entitled to impose considerable increases in local taxes (for example in a municipality where the property tax has increased by 50% and the home tax increased by 44.25%).
These increases in taxes are paid by voter and usually accompany a cutting in the public spending.

The city of Paris is an exception in the history of town mayor selection.

The Paris Commune was born June 25, 1789 but in 1795 it is divided into 12 districts.
Paris is no longer a single administrative unit but it consists of 12 independent municipalities.
In 1800, Bonaparte again brings up the single Paris Commune.
In 1859, the Act of 16 June reassigns 20 districts in the city of Paris for a new administrative territorial division. The unique town of Paris disappears again.
The chief of the State shall appoint from among the citizens paying the most consistent taxes, the mayor and two deputies for each district.
In 1964, Paris becomes a department. The capital is represented by the President of the General Council of Paris and by the Paris Prefect. The mayors of each district individually fulfill their communal duties.
The law of 31 December 1975 creates two separate local authorities in the same territory. Paris become both department and municipality managed by the Council of Paris.
1977 saw the first election of the mayor of Paris, Jacques Chirac.